Director, IPY International Programme Office
PhD, Oceanography. Professor of Oceanography at Oregon State University until 1990. Director of the TOGA COARE International Project Office - a large international project focussed on the western Pacific and global teleconnections, 1990 to 1994. Director of Atmospheric Technology Division for NCAR until 2003 — that group provided observing tools to weather, climate, and air quality research around the world. Director of IPO since May 2005.
Originally a polar microbiologist. Led the Polar Limnology research group at British Antarctic Survey for 25 years. Have spent two winters and 21 field seasons in the Antarctic and Arctic. Involved in exploration of Antarctic subglacial lakes (SALE) for the past decade. Currently Head of BAS Programme Office coordinating UK and international science activities. Involved in development of the current IPY programme since 2003.
IPO Office Manager and Education Liaison
Nicola assists senior management in daily operations and provides administrative support for the IPY International Programme Office. Responsibilities include providing the main point of contact in the IPO for the IPY community, organising and participating in a series of workshops and open forum meetings in the UK and abroad and working closely with teachers and the IPY Education and Outreach subcommittee. She is very enthusiastic about the work being carried out by the IPY and has a real interest in the polar regions and wider environmental issues.
Graduated both as a business economist and naval officer, Odd Rogne came into polar research in 1979 as Deputy Director of the Norwegian Polar Institute. A few years later, he became its Director. He is one of the founders of COMNAP, FARO and IASC; and the Executive Secretary of IASC until 2006. He was also the Norwegian delegate to SCAR for several years. Ex-officio member of the Joint Committee until 2006. Presently, he is Senior Advisor to AMAP as well as the IPO.
Education and Outreach
Lived in lots of countries, including Antarctica. PhD in Atmospheric Chemistry. Four years working with the British Antarctic Survey, including three summers and one glorious winter at Halley Research Station. Strong desire to involve the public more in science, and the scientific process, so we all have a better understanding of how this world is changing. Primary Education and Outreach contact, including the web.
IPY Joint Committee Members
Co-Chair of the Joint Committee
Dr. Michel B?land (Canada) obtained a B.Sc. in Physics at Laval University in 1971, and a Ph.D. in Meteorology at McGill University in 1977, in atmospheric dynamics and numerical weather prediction. He is presently Special Advisor to the Assistant Deputy Minister of Science, where he will be leading an effort to move Environment Canada towards an integrated monitoring and environmental prediction framework. He was elected in February 2006 as President of the Commission of Atmospheric Sciences at the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Co-Chair of the Joint Committee
Ian Allison (Australia) is a research scientist with the Australian Government Antarctic Division, where he is leader of the Ice, Ocean, Atmosphere and Climate Programme. He has studied the Antarctic for over 35 years, participated in or led more than 25 research expeditions to the Antarctic and published over 100 papers on Antarctic science. His current research interests include the interaction of sea ice with the atmosphere and ocean; the dynamics and mass budget of the East Antarctic ice sheet; melt, freezing and ocean circulation beneath floating ice shelves; and Antarctic weather and climate.
British Antarctic Survey — UK
AWI — Germany
Eberhard Fahrbach was born on 31 May 1947 in Stuttgart, Germany. After his military service he studied Physics at the University of Heidelberg and later Physical Oceanography in Kiel where he achieved in 1974 his Diploma with a thesis on the generation and propagation of internal waves at the continental slope of Sierra Leone. After working in a programme on coastal and equatorial upwelling processes, he obtained in 1984 his PhD with a thesis on the heat budget of the equatorial Atlantic. In 1986 he moved to the Alfred-Wegener-Institut in Bremerhaven, Germany where he investigated circulation and water mass formation in polar oceans with many cruises to the Greenland and Weddell Seas. Today he is head of the Observational Oceanography department and scientific coordinator of RV POLARSTERN.
Universidade Federal do Paran? — Brazil
We miss our friend and colleague, Dr Edith Fanta, who died 7 May 2008. Dr. Fanta served as a member of this IPY Joint Committee from its inception. She also served as as Chair of the Scientific Committee of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. In 2005, Edith organised the 9th SCAR International Biology Symposium at the Universidade Federal do Paran?, the first such meeting in South America. In addition to her activities in various international committees, Edith maintained an active research programme. She led Working Group 5 of SCAR's Scientific Research Programme on Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic (EBA), which deals with the impact of past, current and predicted future environmental change on biodiversity and ecosystem function. All of us in IPY knew Edith as a delightful, friendly and thoughtful person, enthusiastic about IPY and devoted to Antarctic science.
CICERO — Norway
Arctic Studies Center National Museum of Natural History — USA
Igor Krupnik (USA) is cultural anthropologist and curator of circumpolar ethnology collections at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. He has done extensive fieldwork in Alaska and along the Russian Arctic coast. He is currently coordinator of several projects studying the impacts of climate change, preservation of cultural heritage, and ecological knowledge of Arctic indigenous people. He is a member of the Joint Committee for the International Polar Year 2007-2008 and he works hard to bring socio-cultural issues, ecological knowledge, and environmental observations of northern residents to the agenda of IPY 2007-2008.
Faculty of Sciences, Universidad Aut?noma de Madrid — Spain
Jer?nimo L?pez is Dr. in Geology and professor at the Universidad Aut?noma de Madrid. He is involved in Antarctic research since 1989, having participated in seven field expeditions. His current research interest is the study of relief evolution, linking neotectonics and geomorphology, as well as recent and active geological processes in the Antarctic Peninsula region. He is currently president of the National SCAR Committee of Spain. Past-Vicepresident of SCAR and has occupied several positions in the European Polar Board, COMNAP and the Committee of Environmental Protection of the Antarctic Treaty.
Department of Animal Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences — Sweden
Kjell Danell (Sweden), animal ecologist, professor at the Swedish University, Ume?. He has spent most of his life in The North with a great interest in the boreal forest and tundra ecosystems. His scientific focus is on plant-herbivore-human interactions, especially issues on conservation and sustainable use of forests, wildlife and fish resources. He has done field research in Fennoscandia, the Canadian and Russian Arctic, Alaska and Kamchatka, and participated in international activities such as e.g. the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment and the Millennium Assessment.
China National Meteorological Administration — China
Prof Dahe Qin (Geography PhD) is a worldwide pioneer and leader in the research of present physical processes and biogeochemistry in snow and ice. He developed his career by studying snow-firn-ice processes on glaciers and the Antarctic ice sheet and in a leading cryospheric expert. In 1995, he was elected as a Lead Author of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and in 2002 was elected as the co-chair of the Working Group I of IPCC for the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Qin has published ca. 250 papers in primary journals and received many awards. Qin has been the Director General of the Key Laboratory for the Ice Core and Cold Region?s Environment (LICCRE) in CAS since 1992. In 2000, he moved to and became the Administrator of the China Meteorological Administration and the Permanent Representative of China with WMO.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University — USA
Robin E. Bell is a Doherty Senior Research Scientist at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. She received her doctorate in marine geophysics from Columbia University. Bell has coordinated seven major aero-geophysical expeditions to Antarctica, studying what makes ice sheets collapse. Using data collected from small ski-equipped aircraft and satellite data she has discovered a volcano beneath the West Antarctic ice sheet. Working with colleagues from NASA and the University of New Hampshire, this past year she identified several new lakes. In 2006 Bell received an honorary degree from Middlebury College. She serves as the chair of the National Academy of Sciences Polar Research Board.
Born in 1940 in Vacha/Thuringia , Dr. Tillmann Mohr studied mathematics, physics and meteorology at the universities of W?rzburg and Frankfurt. He graduated in 1970 as Dr.phil.nat. with a thesis on tropical meteorology. In 1965 Dr. Mohr joined the Deutscher Wetterdienst. Serving in different functions in the Central Office he was appointed President of the Deutscher Wetterdienst in 1992. His involvement in satellite activities started as early as 1971 with ESRO, later with ESA as member and chairman of working groups and programmme boards of the METEOSAT Programme. Under his chairmanship the preparations for the establishment of EUMETSAT were finalized. After the establishment of EUMETSAT in 1986 he headed the German delegation to EUMETSAT Council and served 1989 ? 1993 as chairman of the Policy Advisory Committee of EUMETSAT. As of 1 August 1995 he took over as Director-General of EUMETSAT. He left the position by the end of July 2004. In Nov. 2004 he accepted the position as Special Advisor to the Secretary General of WMO on Satellite Matters.
Glaciological Association, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences — Russia
Dr. Vladimir Kotlyakov (Professor of Geography, 1971; Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1991; Director of the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences; honorary President of the Russian Geographical Society, 2000) is a world-leading specialist in the field of geography and glaciology. Dr. Kotlyakov has made notable contributions in many fields of glaciology in the Arctic and the Antarctic for more than 50 years. Dr. Kotlyakov has received numerous honours within Russia and from many international scientific Academies. Dr. Kotlyakov leads the IPY project on Surging Glaciers.
National Institute of Polar Research, Japan
Professor in atmospheric science and polar climatology at the National Institute of Polar Research and also professor at the Department of Polar Science, the Graduate University for Advanced Studies. He received a Ph.D. in science from Tohoku University in 1978 with a thesis on absorption properties of near-infrared bands of CO2, H2O and O2. He has wintered in the Antarctic three times, in 1979, 1987 and 1997, as a member of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition, and was a leader of 38th Expedition in 1996-98. He also coordinated Arctic research observation projects, such as the Arctic Study of Tropospheric Aerosol and Radiation (ASTAR) 2000. His research interest is in radiation, atmospheric circulation, and cloud and sea ice climatology with satellite remote sensing. He is currently a member of IPY National Committee of Japan.
IPY Joint Committee, Ex-Officio Members
International Council for Science (ICSU) — France
Paul Cutler is a geomorphologist, meteorologist, and quaternary geologist and has conducted research in Antarctica, the Arctic, and elevated parts of Asia, North America, and Europe. As Science Officer with ICSU in Paris, he is responsible for scientific planning and review across the breadth of ICSU activities. He joined ICSU from the U.S. National Academy of Sciences where he directed projects in polar, atmospheric, geographical, and mapping sciences. This work included studies that informed IPY 2007-2008 such as "Toward an Arctic Observing Network," and studies at the interface of natural and social science such as communicating uncertainty in weather forecasts. Dr Cutler's earlier postdoctoral work in geology/geophysics (University of Wisconsin) involved numerical modelling of quaternary ice sheets and permafrost, and his doctorate in geology (University of Minnesota) focused on glacial hydrometeorology and ice physics.
SCAR — UK
Dr Colin Summerhayes is an oceanographer and geologist. He comes to SCAR from UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, in Paris, where he has served since May 1997 as the Director of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Project Office, and as the IOC Secretariat lead for the Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology. Dr Summerhayes' career includes spells in academia, government and industry in several countries.
WMO — Switzerland
Eduard Sarukhanian graduated from Marine Academy as oceanographer has spent many years in marine research. He was scientific officer at ice-drifting station ?North Pole-19? (1969-70), chief of Antarctic marine expeditions (1975, 1979) and Soviet-American expedition ?Weddell Polynia? (1981). Head of Polar Experiment Department in Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg in 1981-84. Doctor of Sciences on Geography (1981), he published over 100 papers on oceanography of the Arctic and Southern Oceans.Since 1984 he works in WMO Secretariat as chief of division, director of Department and at present time as Special adviser to Secretary-General on IPY.
GOOS Project Office, c/o Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, (IOC), UNESCO — France
Keith Alverson is the director of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) program office and head of ocean observations and services section at the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO based in Paris, France. He received his bachelor's degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering from Princeton University in 1988 and Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography from the M.I.T.-Woods Hole Joint Program in 1995. Dr. Alverson has participated in several ocean field expeditions, including to the Arctic and Antarctic, and carried out modeling, statistical and synthesis studies in physical oceanography and paleoclimatology. He was previously director of the Past Global Changes (PAGES) project of the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme (IGBP). Keith is keenly interested in seeing IPY catalyze the development of polar ocean observing systems while simultaneously working towards development of a UNESCO convention for ocean observations (Alverson, K. and D.J. Baker, Science, 314:5806, pg. 1657, 2006) to help provide the political will to sustain them.
IASC Secretariat — Sweden
Dr. Volker Rachold graduated as a geochemist at G?ttingen University (Germany) where he also obtained his Ph.D. in 1994. During the following 11 years he worked with the Alfred Wegener Institute in Potsdam and Bremerhaven (Germany). His research focused on land-ocean interactions in the Siberian Arctic and he led 8 land- and ship-based Russian-German expeditions. In 2006, he became the Executive Secretary of the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) and an ex-officio member of the IPY Joint Committee.