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IPY Arctic GOOS: Operational Oceanography for the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas

The overall objective of IPY Arctic GOOS to develop and implement operational monitoring and forecasting systems in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas. The systems will be based on state-of-the-art remote sensing, in situ observations, numerical modelling, data assimilation and dissemination techniques. Several components of Arctic GOOS are presently in operation, producing daily information that can be downloaded from web sites.


The summer of 2007 shows the lowest sea ice area observed since the regular monitoring by satellites started in 1979. The minimum sea ice area occurs in the month of September, and there has been a decreasing trend in the ice area for almost three decades. The decrease in 2007 have been more dramatic, showing that the sea ice is almost absent in the Laptev Sea, the East Siberian Sea, the Chukchi Sea and the Beaufort Sea in September 2007.  From 1979 to 2002, the September ice area was reduced by about 1 mill square km, but from the 2002 to 2007 the ice area reduction was more than 1.2 mill square km.  The satellite passive microwave data are provided by The National Snow and Ice Data Center (  The ice analysis of satellite data presented in these figures is done by the Nansen Centres in Norway and Russia. Copyright: Lena Shalina, Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Operational oceanography data for Arctic and sub-Arctic regions are provided by organisations such as:


Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NERSC) produces daily sea ice concentration maps and time series from SSMI data as well as ice-ocean forecasting from the TOPAZ system.

Norwegian Meteorological Institute provides several operational services for Norwegian and Arctic waters including the EumetSAT Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Application Facility. Here is more info on research and development activities.

Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research provides a wide range of sea ice and oceanography data in the Arctic.

Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, produces ice concentration maps from AMSR-E satellite data every day for Arctic and Antarctic areas.

Ifremer produces and distribute sea ice products from scatterometer data through the CERSAT system.

Danish Meteorological Institute delivers operational products for Greenland waters.

Danish Centre for Remote Sensing delivers several daily satellite products for the Arctic and Antarctic.

EuroGOOS is presently establishing an Arctic Regional Ocean Observing System, as contribution to GOOS.