What is IPY
Thursday, 28 May 2009 13:53
Dr Eric Wolff and the quest for million year old iceWritten by International Polar Foundation
Dr Eric Wolff is the 2009 recipient of the prestigious Louis Agassiz Medal awarded by the European Geosciences Union (EGU). SciencePoles recently interviewed Dr Wolff on the subject of climate cycles and the quest for million year old ice. A veteran of 6 Antarctic seasons and 2 Greenland seasons, Dr Wolff has been working for the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) for over twenty years, and played a central role in the extremely important European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA). A leading expert in the study of the chemical composition of snow cover and ice cores and their use...
Tuesday, 26 May 2009 17:10
THE ANTARCTICA CHALLENGE: Reaches Out GloballyWritten by Karen Edwards
Documentary filmmaker Mark Terry, president of Polar Cap Productions, Inc., took a team to Antarctica last December and January to document the recent findings made by the world’s scientific community during International Polar Year. The documentary will focus on new discoveries made related to the ozone hole, the diminishing populations of penguins and other marine life, the greening of the world’s largest desert, warming temperatures, glacial melting and increased world sea level. Featuring interviews from polar scientists from Canada, the US, the UK, Ukraine and Russia, a global cross-section of research on climate change will be presented. One of these featured interviews will be with Dr. David Ainley, renowned...
Wednesday, 20 May 2009 12:58
Arctic Marine Shipping AssessmentWritten by David Carlson
The Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment working group of the Arctic Council has released the Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment 2009 Report. This extensive and well-illustrated document, supported by Canada, Finland and the United States and recently approved by the Arctic Council, represents a four-year effort to consider and review all aspects of Arctic shipping. It includes extensive documentation of shipping activities from a baseline year (2004) and future projections in key areas such as environmental protection, marine infrastructure, human dimensions, and governance. It contains a series of very useful maps and charts. I like this quote: "less ice doe...
Friday, 15 May 2009 04:33
Life on the edgeWritten by McMurdo Sound Winter Sea Ice
We’ve had a couple of trips recently to deploy instruments and make measurements at the edge of the multiyear ice (more than 6 metres thick) and the annual ice growing over the ocean. Our site is about 30 kilometres away from Scott Base where the ice breaker cut a channel in January to let the fuel tanker get in to unload at McMurdo station. The first trip was very interesting: a beautiful calm day with gorgeous low light colours, and that anticipation of being the first people to see what’s out there. There were old skidoo tracks from the summer along the edge of the Tanker Channel but the fresh ice was like a canvas with just the under-painting done. We made our marks, drilled holes, placed instruments, collected data all the while marvelling at things that are harder to measu...
Tuesday, 12 May 2009 17:06
NSF & NAS Celebrate IPY 2007-2008Written by Karen Edwards
The National Academy of Sciences together with the National Science Foundation held a celebration on 6 April 2009 to recognize the achievements of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY). The meeting included highlights of IPY projects, including such topics as climate change, sea ice stability, Antarctic ecosystems, and people in the Arctic. Presentation videos detailing various aspects of IPY research are available on the NSF website. Posted presentations include: - "Welcoming and Opening Remarks," by James White, Ralph J. Cicerone, and Arden L. Bement, Jr.; - "How the Past Informs the Future," by Richard Alley, Pennsylvania State University;...
Monday, 11 May 2009 08:40
Igor Krupnik and the Role of the Social Sciences in IPY 2007-2008Written by International Polar Foundation
More than fifty years ago, the research programme of the International Geophysical Year 1957-1958 included no social science research projects at all. However this was not the case for the International Polar Year 2007-2008 thanks to the efforts of the social science community to be included in the latest IPY.Not only have social scientists carried out a number of studies focusing on various issues that concern indigenous Arctic communities (most notably climate change); they have also encouraged natural scientists to include members of indigenous communities in the Arctic in their research...
Thursday, 30 April 2009 17:34
FSU IPY Cruise: Meet Post-doctoral Associate Angla "Angie" MilneWritten by CLIVAR Section I6S
FSU IPY Cruise: Meet FSU Oceanography Post-Doctoral Associate Angela “Angie” Milne On deck of R/V Roger Revelle, against the backdrop of a tabular iceberg, Angie Milne, who suffers in Florida’s heat, enjoys Nature’s finest air conditioning. Photo by Charlene Grall “Hi, I’m Angie Milne, visiting FSU as a post-doctoral associate with Professor Bill Landing.” Angie’s an ocean-connected gal. Growing up in seaside Blackpool, England, Angie says, “I ‘packed in’ a job in the service field of insurance and pensions for the allure of exotic travel. This kindled my environmental interest...
Thursday, 30 April 2009 08:04
New disciplines in natural and scientific studies of the Sámi in 19C Sweden – a case studyWritten by Karin Granqvist
Anthropology and ethnography: new disciplines in natural and scientific studies of the Sámi in 19th-century Sweden – a case study. My research focuses on how Sámi were represented in text and images in four natural scientists’ travel and scientific journals and letter correspondence during the nineteenth century. The scientists are Göran Wahlenberg (1780-1851), Lars Levi Læstadius (1800-1861), Sven Lovén (1809-1895) and Axel Hamberg (1863-1933). They were all based in Sweden, but did field studies and field research trips in the north of Finland, the north of Norway, the north of Sweden and Spitsbergen. They studied, mapped and categorized stones, rocks, ice, plants, and flowers, animals such as birds, reindeers and sea mammals. They also studied the...
Thursday, 23 April 2009 06:09
UAF's 2008 McCall Glacier expedition: Taking stock out the outcomeWritten by Matt Nolan
Exactly one year ago today, The University of Alaska Fairbanks began a 5 month expedition to Arctic Alaska to study glacier response to climate change and their influence on the local ecosystems, as part of our contribution to IPY. The major accomplishments of that effort include: Extracting nearly 500 m of ice core from three holes in the glacier, Bringing 170 m of this back to civilization to study paleoclimate in this region, Installing thermistor strings to measure ice temperature throughout each of the three core holes, Conducted shallow coring to investigate the processes of internal accumulation on the glacier, Measured stage and discharge of the outlet stream throughout the summer,...